Similarities and Differences Between Occupational, Physical and Speech Therapy

Anyone recovering from illness or injury or dealing with disease and disability can benefit from OT, PT and ST to perform their daily lives more independently and safer, bringing a higher quality of life.


  • All 3 can be available in many different settings including hospitals, outpatient clinics, in the home, in schools, and long-term care facilities.
  • All 3 can improve the ability to perform your daily activities and as well as other things you do to improve your quality of life.
  • All 3 can provide you with strengthening, stretching and coordination activities to achieve your goals.


  • Occupational Therapy (OT) – OT provides services to improve physical, cognitive, and environmental barriers that affect a person’s ability to participate safely and independently at home with activities of daily living, home management, driving, and community access.
  • Physical Therapy (PT) – PT helps enhance mobility and quality of life by maximizing your ability to get around at home, in the community, and in the activities that you are involved in such as work, sports and hobbies.
  • Speech Therapy (ST) – ST works to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders.

For a more in-depth look into similarities and differences, click here.

**Thank you to Krista Covell, OT; Jennifer Jessup-Rosecrance, PT and Rachel Geoghan, SLP for their insight.

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